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Alentejo

 Alentejo

On the vast golden plains of Alentejo, the peaceful landscape is but a curtain that opens on to an unimaginable heritage.

One is first taken by surprise by the remarkable traces of successive cultures: dolmens and cromlechs, Roman and Arab vestiges mingling with the most recent signs of Christianity, of which the numerous medieval castles that stand out in the vast plain are but one example.

To the northeast are the beautiful villages and towns which make up the so-called Rota dos Castelos (Castle Route): Nisa, Castelo de Vide, Marvora Portalegre and Alter do Chao Further south, the landscape becomes warmer and flatter; around  marvora (one of the most beautiful towns in Portugal), are Monsaraz, Vila Vicosa, Estremoz, and Arraiolos (renowned for its hand made tapestries, based on traditional drawings from the 17th and 18th centuries). Driving on to the south, the vast plains become less inhabited and sunnier, the only shade being provided by olive trees and oak trees, and the only amenity being provided by refreshing dams. A trip to Alvito, Beja (where one can stay in historic pousadas), Serpa and
Mertola will be worth your time. The coastline to the west offers the visitor magnificent Atlantic beaches.

As the region with the highest thermal amplitude (going down to 5C or up to 33C), Alentejo is a scarcely populated region with quite open horizons, where the rhythm of life follows the idle sound of regional songs.

Places of Interest
Beja

Ancient Roman town, it was a Muslim cultural centre later on. In the Queen Leonor Museum are valuable archeologic finds. Other legacies: churches of Santo Antonio (Visigothic) and Santa Maria; convent and castle of Sao Francisco (currently a pousada); chapel of Santo Andre Gothic-Moorish), and Misericordia Church (Renaissance). Roman ruins at Pis.


Castelo de Vide

Thermal spa, with medieval castle and Jewish quarter (15th century synagogue). A special reference to the chapel of Sao Salvador do Mundo (Visigothic) the two Pacos do Concelho (medieval and 18th century), and an ancient church.

Elvas

Fortress town, with Roman-Arab castle, Amoreiras Aqueduct (15th-17th centuries). Other places of interest: mother-church (Manueline), churches of Nossa Senhora da Consolacao (Renaissance) and Santa Clara (17th century), and Archeology and Ethnography Museum.

Estremoz

Town crowned by a 13th-century castle, with a citadel (currently a pousada) and Santa Isabel Chapel (18th-century). special reference to the Gothic Dom Dinis Palace, Sao Francisco Church and Convent (Romanesque-Gothic), Pacos do Concelho (14th-century), Maltesas Convent (16th-century), and the Municipal Museum.

Evora 

Museum town of Roman origins, with historic center classified in UNESCO's International Heritage list. The town ex-libris is its Roman temple, located close to the Cathedral, which houses an important Sacred Art Museum (Roman-Gothic). Among its many convents and churches, the following can be visited: Sao Bras Chapel (Gothic-Moorish); Sao Francisco Church (with its Capela dos Ossos, a chapel walled with human bones) and Sao Jose Baptista Church (Gothic-Manueline); churches of Nossa Senhora da Gra (with-convent), Santo Antao and Sao Vicente (Mannerist). Palaces: Archepiscopal, Dom Manuel and Dukes of Cadaval. A special reference also to: Praca de Giraldo, with 16th-century arches; Aqueduct; convents of Santa Clara, Santa Helena do Calvario and Loios (this one currently a pousada); University; ancient Jewish quarter;  Evora Museum.

Marvao

To the south of Castelo de Vide lies the town of Marvao which is notable for its impressive castle (13th-14th-centuries) and the wonderful views that affords. Once outside the city walls, visit the convent of Nossa senhora da Estrela (15th-century), with-ceramic tiles dating from the 18th-century. Here too is the crucifix of Estrela, from the Manueline period.

Mertola

This tower sits over the right bank of the Guardiana river. The town's main attraction is its castle, built by the Moors, with a guard tower from the 13th-century. The main church, with its sculpted facade, contains elements from the Manueline period, occupies the site of what once was an ancient mosque. Mertola has three important museum sites as a consequence of the intense archeological activity there. The Roman museum occupies the Town Hall building. The Islamic collection includes the country's most important archive of ceramic objects (9th to 13th-centuries). Here too is one of the rarest early Christian basilicas in the entire Iberian peninsula (dating from the 5th-century).

Monsaraz

Beautiful medieval village, with castle, walls and fortifications. Special reference to the Santa Catarina Chapel, mother-church,  and Porta da Vila. In the nearby village of Reguengos there is a megalithic nucleus, with over 100 dolmens and cromlechs.

Portalegre

Amongst the towers and walls of the medieval castle stand the Pa do Concelho and Hospital.   Worthwhile visiting: the Cathedral, Sao Bernardo Convent, the church of Sao Francisco Monastery (13th-18th centuries), and the Regional, Sacred Art, Municipal Library and Casa de Jose Regio Museums.

Troio
Set on a peninsula overlooking the south bank of river Sado,  Troio has a number of important Roman remains, especially of an important industrial complex used for salting fish, an activity in this region in Roman times. The peninsula is fringed by many beautiful sandy beaches that also back onto a challenging golf course.